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我反對列德育及國民教育科為必修科,但我不反對愛國,甚至不反對愛共產黨,雖然我不認同共產主義,但在民主體制裡,我認同每個人有權以不傷害別人的方式愛自己所愛的。

那為什麼要反對德育及國民教育科為必修科呢?其實,以情感主導教育孩子愛國的課程或活動,很多組織都有主辦,大家可以自由選擇參加,但當德育及國民教育單獨成科,並成為學校必修科,且將學生參與活動的紀錄存檔並流傳至學生就讀的所有學校時,則反對的人毫無選擇的餘地,這是德育及國民教育科不應存在的根本原因。國民教育科最大的問題,在於其在根本上剝奪選擇的權利,正如共產黨不是問題,甚至共產黨在民主體制下當選也不是問題(只要她不一上台就跳進共產主義中社會主義時期一黨專政模式),共產黨一黨專政才是問題。事實上,任何黨派一黨專政都是問題,所以如何一黨專政才好,這問題根本不成立,因為前設「一黨專政」已經錯了。故此,如何教學德育與國民教育一科,這問題根本不成立,因為前設「德育與國民教育科是必修科」,已經錯了。保留各人的選擇權,這是人權中重要的一環。

我認同有必要了解國情,認同德育的重要,也認同公民應認識公民的權利和義務,但要了解國情,則史實才是重點,中國歷史科應重列為必修科,以史實說明國情,不應以情主導;如果要培育品德(德育),老實說,這應該是家長的責任,學校是兒童實踐家教(家庭德育)的地方,老師則協助兒童實踐德育;公民的權利和義務,這在小學的常識科,中學的通識科(或以前的經濟及政治行政),早已有非常詳盡的教材。德育、公民、國情三者,互不為因果,不應混為一談。

品德與國民,其實是兩種截然不同的概念。品德是整個人的素質,國民卻只是個人其中的一種身份。良好品德是普世價值,但國民身份卻是依據身處的時代和國家而定的,每個國家在不同年代不同政權下,對良好國民有不同的定義。與國民身份相符的品德要求,與普世的品德要求,並不必然相同。在納粹德國時期,良好國民就是逼害非日耳曼人,這明顯與普世品德價值中的仁愛、和平相違,當得了良好德國國民,當不成良好世界公民;在中國文革期間,良好國民是先愛黨後愛父母,要求批鬥父母師長,這明顯與普世品德價值的敬愛父母相違,當得了良好中國國民,當不成孝子賢孫。

德育與國民,有如立法、司法與行政三權,只可分立,不可混合。要建立可延續的社會,應教導普世品德價值,再讓個人根據自己的信念,自行選擇如何實踐國民身份。

沒有德育及國民教育科,大家依然可以選擇如何實踐國民身份,如何把德育與國民身份結合,但有了德育及國民教育科,結合德育與國民身份,便成了所有人的必修科,再沒有選擇的權利。

請讓下一代有選擇的權利。

廣告

All of the following voting results are taken from http://www.legcovotes.net . Legovotes.net has tables on more motions but for convenience’ sake, I’ve only taken the most concerned ones to be included here. If you’re interested in knowing more about how candidates voted in the past, head over to their website, please (sadly, it’s only available in Chinese…).

List Number/Party Constitution Reform Collective Bargaining Right Academic Freedom Revise National Education Freedom of Press
1.League of Social Democrats against for for absent absent
2:FTU against for against against against
6,9:DAB for absent against against against
13.Liberal Party for against against against against
7:People Power against for for abstain for
10:Labour Party against for for for for
3,11,14:Democratic Party for for for for for
15:Civic Party against for for for for
12:Neo Democrats against for for for for

Note1:

  1. Since this is a track record of how candidates or the party the candidates belong to voted in the past. Independent candidates who was not a Legco member are not included in the table. A list of all candidates can be found at the bottom of this page.
  2. FTU = Federation of Trade Unions
  3. DAB = Democratic Alliance for the Betterment and Progress of Hong Kong

Note2:

About the five motions listed above:

  1. Constitution Reform was raised by the government in 2010. The draft by the government enlarged the committee responsible for electing the Chief Executive of HK from 800 to 1200 members. A new functional constituency was to be formed and elected by district councillors. A few days before the vote, the Democratic Party suggested the “one person, two votes mode", which was accepted by Beijing. In return, the Democratic Party voted for the motion and the motion was passed. Universal suffrage for Legco and Chief Executive in 2012 was thus denied.
  2. The motion to give employees the Collective Bargaining Right was raised by FTU. It was supported by all pan-democratice parties and FTU. However, it was opposed by most councillors from functional constituencies. DAB members either did not show for vote or abstained. As a result, the motion was denied.
  3. The motion to protect scholars from being threatened for their academic researches was raised by Cheung Man Kwong from Democratic Party in light of Dr. Chung from HKU being criticised by Chinese officials for his polling research. Among the Legco members who voted against the motion, several of them (four from DAB, two from Liberal Party) were board directors of local universities.
  4. Albert Ho from Democratic Party raised a motion to revise the curriculum of National Education (note that he was not asking to retract the whole curriculum). The motion was then revised by other pan-democratic councillors. In short, they tried to protect the freedom and independence of teachers and ensure that the curriculum includes the whole of the truth about China. The motion was denied since Liberal Party, FTU, DAB and most members from functional constituencies voted against it.
  5. The motion to protect freedom of press was raised by Emily Lau from Democratic Party after HK journalists were beaten up and detained by Xinjiang officials. Though Ip Kwok Him from DAB gave a speech that supports freedom of press, all DAB members voted against the motion. The motion was thus denied.

Complete List of candidates in NTE:

Red = pro-Beijing Green = pro-democratic Black = Independent

Candidates are marked as pro-Beijing, pro-democratic or Independent by their track record or affiliation with other organisations or parties taking reference from http://election.thehousenews.com

Number Candidates Party Name
1 LEUNG KWOK HUNG League of Social Democrats
2 IP WAI MING, WONG WANG TO, CHING NGON LAI, KAN SIU KEI, TSANG KING CHUNG KENT, CHEUNG KWOK WO FTU
3 LAU WAI HING EMILY, OR YIU LAM RICKY, LAM SIU CHUNG FRANKIE, LAM WING YIN Democratic Party
4 LEUNG ON KAY ANGEL Independent
5 PONG SCARLETT OI LAN, TAM LANNY, LAW KWONG KEUNG, CHAN KWOK TIM, SO CHUN MAN, LAM CHUNG YAN, LEUNG KA FAI, CHAN MAN KUEN, TANG WING CHEONG Civil Force/New Forum
6 QUAT ELIZABETH, CHONG YUEN TUNG, LI SAI WING, LI KA LEUNG PHILIP, TUNG KIN LEI, KI LAI MEI, WONG PING FAN DAB
7 CHAN CHI CHUEN RAYMOND, YUEN MI MING ERICA People Power
8 YAU WING KWONG, TONG PO CHUN, CHAN CHO LEUNG, PANG SHU WAN, LAU WAI LUN, SHING KWOK CHU, MAN CHEN FAI, TANG KWONG WING, LOK SHUI SANG Economic Synergy
9 CHAN HAK KAN, LAU KWOK FAN, WONG PIK KIU, LARM WAI LEUNG, WOO KIN MAN CLEMENT, YIU MING DAB
10 CHEUNG CHIU HUNG, KWOK WING KIN Labour Party
11 TSOI YIU CHEONG RICHARD, AU CHUN WAH, MAK YUN PUI, KWONG MEI NA Democratic Party
12 FAN GARY KWOK WAI, YAM KAI BONG, LEUNG LI, LEUNG WING HUNG, KWAN WING YIP, YAU MAN CHUN, CHUNG KAM LUN, CHEUNG KWOK KEUNG, YUNG MING CHAU MICHAEL Neo Democrats
13 TIEN PEI CHUN JAMES, CHOW LIANG SHUK YEE SELINA, LEUNG CHI WAI, LIU KWOK WAH Liberal Party
14 WONG SING CHI, LAW SAI YAN Democratic Party
15 TONG KA WAH RONNY, YEUNG ALVIN NGOK KIU Civic Party
16 HO MAN KIT RAYMOND Independent
17 PONG YAT MING Independent
18 FONG KWOK SHAN CHRISTINE Independent
19 CHAN KWOK KEUNG Independent

Independent Candidates:

Ok, I must admit that I don’t know the independent candidates that well apart from No.17 Pong Yat Ming. He is well known for his real-life experiment on living without the services provided by the tycoons for an year. Here is an interview on WSJ website.

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